State of World Population 2004

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201 million women, especially in the poorest countries,
still have an unmet need for effective contraception.
Meeting their needs would cost about $3.9 billion a year, and
prevent 23 million unplanned births a year, 22 million abortions, 142,000 pregnancy-related deaths (including 53,000 from unsafe abortions) and 1.4 million infant deaths.

But resources have fallen short. Donors agreed to provide $6.1 billion a year for population and reproductive health programs by 2005, a third of total needs. In 2002 contributions were around $3.1 billion—only half their commitment (USA's meager commitment).

More than 350 million couples still lack access to a full range of family planning services.
• Complications of pregnancy and childbirth remain a leading cause of death and illness among women: 529,000 die each year, mostly from preventable causes.
• Five million new HIV infections occurred during 2003; women are nearly half of all infected adults, and nearly three fifths of those in sub-Saharan Africa.
• While fertility is falling in many regions,
         world population will increase from 6.4 billion today to 8.9 billion by 2050;
                              the 50 poorest countries will triple in size.

Some 2.8 billion people—two in five—still struggle to survive on less than $2 a day. Poverty perpetuates and is exacerbated by poor health, gender inequality and rapid population growth.

Greater Dangers  
bulletFarmers, ranchers, loggers and developers have cleared about half of the world’s original forests.
bullet Three quarters of the world’s fish stocks are now beyond sustainable limits.
bulletHalf a billion people live in countries defined as  water-scarce; by 2025, it is expected to be around 3 billion people.
bulletFast-growing poor populations often have no other options but to exploit their local environment to meet subsistence needs for food and fuel.
bulletMillions of women survive childbirth but suffer illness and disability.
Reproductive and sexual health information and services provide a critical entry point to prevention;
bulletdetecting and managing Sexually Transmitted Infections;
bulletpromoting the correct use of condoms; and
bullethelping to prevent mother-to-child transmission.

Linking prevention efforts and voluntary HIV testing and counseling with existing reproductive health services can save suffering and money.