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Stanford Study of alternative energy future for New York State

A new study finds that it is technically and economically feasible to power New York State by wind, water and sunlight (WWS). The plan, shows the way to a sustainable, almost free energy supply that creates jobs and saves billions of dollars in pollution-related costs.

It fulfills all of the state's

bulletelectric power,
bulletindustry heating and cooling energy

with renewable energy.

It calculates

bulletthe number of new devices 
bulletjobs created,
bulletamount of land and ocean areas required,
bulletpolicies needed for such an infrastructure change.
bulletair pollution mortality and morbidity impacts
bulletcosts based on multiple years of air quality data.

50 States | 50 Plans | Interactive


Capital cost , such as the cost of building renewable energy power plants,  would be more than made up for over time. It would reduce power demand by about 37 percent, since fuel costs would be zero. It would also create manufacturing, installation and technology jobs .

2030 power demand for all  (electricity, transportation, heating/cooling, industry) could be met by:

Nbr megawatts Total MegaWatts
4,020 onshore 5 wind turbines 20,100
12,770 offshore 5 wind turbines 63,850
387 100 concentrated solar plants 38,700
828 50 photovoltaic power plants 41,400
5 million 5-kilowatt residential rooftop photovoltaic systems 25,000
500,000 100-kilowatt commercial/government rooftop photovoltaic systems 50,000
36 100 geothermal plants 360
1,910 0.75 wave devices 1432.5
2,600 1 tidal turbines 2,600
7 1,300 hydroelectric power plants, of which most exist 9,100
Air pollution–related deaths would decline by about 4,000  plus health costs savings totalling $33 billion – every year paying for the new power infrastructure needed within about 10-17 years.
bullet40% from wind power,
bullet38% from  solar and
bullet22% from  hydroelectric, geothermal, tidal and wave energy.


bulletAll vehicles would be electric .
bulletHome heating and air-conditioning:  Electricity-powered air- and ground-source heat pumps, geothermal heat pumps, heat exchangers and backup electric resistance heaters would replace natural gas and oil for .
bulletHome hot water:  Air- and ground-source heat pump water heaters powered by electricity and solar hot water preheaters would provide .
bulletIndustrial processes: High temperatures would be obtained with electricity and hydrogen combustion.

What it takes for California, Washington

Myths and Realities about Wind, Water, and Sun
Versus Current Fuels

                  Stanford in Scientific American

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Wind turbines on the Tug Hill plateau in upstate New York.